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Does Medicaid Cover Braces?

Updated: 5 days ago

In this post, we'll dive deep through the maze of Medicaid, highlighting the criteria essential for coverage eligibility, and we'll delve into the specifics of service coverage for braces — pinpointing the differences in benefits for children and adults.

So brace yourself for a journey into the world of Medicaid.


Covered Orthodontic Services for Children

If you are wondering, "Does Medicaid cover braces?" the answer is complex.

For eligible children under Medicaid, a variety of orthodontic services may be covered. This coverage traditionally includes:

It's important to understand that while Medicaid does offer coverage for these services, the assistance is generally provided when braces are deemed medically necessary. Cosmetic orthodontics or services considered non-essential might not be covered, so if you are considering getting braces later in life, you might have to pay for them entirely.

Limitations and Exclusions in Medicaid Orthodontic Coverage

Each state has its own specific rules regarding Medicaid coverage for orthodontic services. Here in Colorado, for example, there is some Medicaid coverage for orthodontics.

Generally, certain limitations apply, such as:

  • Age limits for children to qualify for coverage

  • Severity of dental misalignment or specific diagnoses that warrant treatment

  • Pre-approval or prior authorization processes before treatment begins

  • Lifetime caps or limits on the amount of coverage available

These limitations are in place to ensure that Medicaid supports those who need these services the most for health-related reasons, rather than purely aesthetic purposes.

Review your state's guidelines in Colorado or speak with a Medicaid representative to understand the full scope of what services are accessible for your child.

Understanding Age-Related Medicaid Coverage for Braces

Medicaid's coverage for orthodontic services, including braces, is geared predominantly towards individuals under the age of 21. This is a significant aspect of Medicaid as it aligns with the focus on providing necessary pediatric dental services as part of the Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnostic, and Treatment (EPSDT) benefit.

EPSD for dental services
EPSD for dental services

Why Are There Age Restrictions?

Orthodontic treatment such as braces can be more beneficial when the patient's jaw and teeth are still developing, hence the encouragement of early diagnosis and treatment.

  • The age limit helps to ensure the treatment aligns with the time when braces would have the greatest impact on dental development.

  • It assists in prioritizing resources for the early treatment of dental misalignments and malocclusions that might otherwise lead to more severe health problems.

  • Setting an age limit also serves to standardize coverage across various states, providing a benchmark for orthodontic care within the Medicaid program.

It is important to note that while the focus is on individuals under 21, there may be exceptions where coverage extends beyond this age limit, particularly in cases where orthodontic care is deemed medically necessary. Such circumstances usually require detailed justification and prior authorization from Medicaid.

The Difference Between Medicaid and CHIP (Children's Health Insurance Program)

When exploring options for your child's orthodontic care, it's essential to understand the distinction between Medicaid and the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP).

These programs may seem similar but have different eligibility requirements and benefits, particularly concerning braces and other orthodontic services.

Defining Medicaid and CHIP

Medicaid is a public health insurance program that provides health coverage to millions of Americans, including eligible low-income adults, children, pregnant women, elderly adults, and people with disabilities. Medicaid is jointly funded by the state and federal governments and is managed by the states according to federal requirements.

CHIP, on the other hand, is designed to cover uninsured children in families with incomes that are too high to qualify for Medicaid but too low to afford private coverage. Like Medicaid, CHIP is funded jointly by the state and federal government but often provides a broader range of benefits to children.

Orthodontic Coverage Differences

When it comes to braces, orthodontic coverage can significantly differ between Medicaid and CHIP:

  • Medicaid: Coverage for orthodontic services, including braces, is considered on a case-by-case basis and is typically approved when deemed medically necessary. For children, this often means that the need for braces must be severe enough to cause functional problems.

  • CHIP: While CHIP also looks at medical necessity, the program may offer more lenient qualifications for orthodontic treatment compared to Medicaid. CHIP's orthodontic benefits can vary by state but usually cover a portion of the costs for braces, even when the case isn't as severe.

It's important to note that both programs' coverage can fluctuate based on your state's regulations and guidelines for orthodontic treatment. The key takeaway is to verify the specific orthodontic coverage available for your child under both Medicaid and CHIP and to understand the qualifying criteria for each program.

Does Medicaid Cover Emergency Orthodontic Care?

An orthodontic emergency is generally defined as any dental problem that requires immediate attention to relieve severe pain, halt ongoing tissue bleeding, or address severe infections that pose a risk to a patient's overall health.

Medicaid's stance on emergency orthodontic care can vary by state, but emergency services are typically covered. The goal is to address situations that can't be postponed without risk to the patient's health, such as trauma to the mouth that results in damage to braces and necessitates urgent repair.

Step-by-Step Guide: Applying for Medicaid Orthodontic Coverage

Securing orthodontic coverage for braces under Medicaid doesn't have to be complicated. Follow this straightforward process to apply for Medicaid and get the coverage your child might need.

Step 1: Confirm Your Eligibility

Before applying, ensure you meet your state's eligibility requirements for Medicaid. This typically involves factors like income level, family size, and special health care needs.

Step 2: Gather Necessary Documents

To apply for Medicaid, you will need to provide:

  • Proof of income (like pay stubs or tax returns)

  • Identification documents (driver's license, passport, or birth certificate)

  • Social Security numbers for all applicants

  • Proof of residency (utility bills or lease agreement)

Step 3: Complete the Medicaid Application

Fill out your state's Medicaid application form. Applications can typically be submitted online, by mail, or in person at your local Medicaid office.

Step 4: Provide Supporting Documentation for Orthodontic Need

Some states require additional documentation to authorize orthodontic services like braces. This may include:

  • A letter of medical necessity from an orthodontist

  • Photographs of the dental issue

  • Dental records or X-rays

Step 5: Wait for Approval

After submitting your application, there will be a review process. If approved, you'll receive information about what services are covered, including specifics on orthodontic care.

Step 6: Schedule an Appointment with an Orthodontist

Once you have Medicaid coverage, book an appointment with a Medicaid-approved orthodontist to discuss treatment options and next steps.


We've highlighted the essential criteria and variances in Medicaid coverage for braces and delved into specifics like age restrictions, Colorado-specific details, and the additional options through CHIP.

If you're considering braces for yourself or a loved one, remember that personal circumstances can significantly influence coverage. Therefore, it's vital to consult with your state's Medicaid office or a knowledgeable dentist.

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